Membracidae Checklist: Treehoppers

6 October 2019

Treehoppers belong to the family Membracidae and their nymphs are sometimes also referred to as thorn bugs. They have an enlarged and often ornate pronotum (like a helmet). Treehoppers feed on sap, and any excess is excreted as honeydew which attracts ants. The ants provide protection from predators, forming a symbiosis with the treehoppers.

Most were identified with the kind assistance of Munetoshi Maruyama, Stuart McKamey, Matthew Wallace, Eli Wyman on Reddit, and Varen Tan. Some references were also made from NCSU Insect Museum: Membracidae. Thank you!

All photos are of live subjects shot in the field, with the lateral view selected where available. Click on individual photos for larger views and views from other angles. As specimens were not collected, identifications were done purely based on photographs and may not be 100% accurate.

This page will be updated regularly, please let me know if you spot any mistakes.

View my complete Flickr photo set: Membracidae – Treehoppers.

Treehopper Related Links

Region Filters

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Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758

Order: Hemiptera Linnaeus, 1758

Superfamily: Membracoidea Rafinesque, 1815

Superfamily: Membracoidea Rafinesque, 1815

Family: Aetalionidae Spinola, 1850

Family: Melizoderidae Deitz and Dietrich, 1993

Family: Membracidae Rafinesque, 1815?

Subfamily: Centrotinae Amyot and Serville, 1843

Tribe: Centrocharesini Goding, 1931

Treehoppers (Centrochares sp.) - DSC_3081b

East Malaysia: Centrochares sp. DSC_3081b

Treehopper (Centrochares sp.) - P8247193

Singapore: Centrochares sp. P8247193

Tribe: Centrotini Amyot and Serville, 1843

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_6055

Mozambique: Anchon sp.

Tribe: Centrotypini Haupt, 1929

Treehoppers (Centrotypus shelfordi) - DSC_7287

East Malaysia: Centrotypus shelfordi Distant, 1916

Tribe: Choucentrini Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 1988

Treehopper (Evanchon maculatum) - P3276488

Singapore: Evanchon maculatum Funkhouser, 1937 ♀

Treehopper (Evanchon maculatum) - P3286735

Singapore: Evanchon maculatum Funkhouser, 1937 ♂

Treehopper (Choucentrus sinensis) - PB204202

Thailand: Choucentrus sinensis Yuan, 1985

Tribe: Gargarini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Gargara rubrogranulata) - P7040203

Singapore: Gargara rubrogranulata Bierman, 1910

Treehopper (Gargara rubrogranulata) - DSC_8264

Singapore: Gargara rubrogranulata Bierman, 1910

Treehopper (Sipylus sp.) - P2134517

Singapore: Sipylus sp.

Treehopper (Sipylus dilatatus) - DSC_9112

Singapore: Sipylus dilatatus Walker, 1851

Treehopper (Gargara nitidipennis) - DSC_4822

Singapore: Gargara nitidipennis Funkhouser, 1914

Treehopper (Gargara nitidipennis) - DSC_4503

West Malaysia: Gargara nitidipennis Funkhouser, 1914

Treehopper (Gargara cf. projecta) - DSC_8191

Singapore: Gargara cf. projecta Funkhouser 1918

Treehopper (Gargara sp.) - DSC_4994

Malaysia: cf. Gargara sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus fulgidus) - DSC_4147

Singapore: Tricentrus fulgidus Funkhouser 1929

Treehoppers (Gargarini) - DSC_0178

West Malaysia: cf. Nondenticentrus/Tricentrus sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) - DSC_1531

Singapore: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Ants herding a Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) - DSC_6148

West Malaysia: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) with milking ants? - DSC_8600

Singapore: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Tribe: Hypsaucheniini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Hybanda sp.) - DSC_9626

West Malaysia: cf. Hybanda sp.

Treehopper (Pyrgauchenia tristaniopsis) - P3127231

East Malaysia: Pyrgauchenia tristaniopsis Stegmann & Webb, 2002

Tribe: Leptobelini in Yuan and Chou, 2002

Treehopper (Leptobelus sp.) - DSC_6324

West Malaysia: Leptobelus sp.

Treehopper (Leptobelus sp.) - DSC_2255

Singapore: Leptobelus sp.

Tribe: Leptocentrini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Leptocentrus sp.) - DSC_5832

Singapore: Leptocentrus sp.

Treehopper (Leptocentrus sp.) - DSC_5282

East Malaysia: Leptocentrus sp.

Treehopper (Nilautama minutispina) - PA080026

Singapore: Nilautama minutispina Funkhouser, 1918

Treehopper (Telingana sp.) - DSC_5122

Singapore: Telingana sp.

Tribe: Terentiini Haupt, 1929

Treehopper (Ceraon cf. orientalis) - P8073330

Singapore: Ceraon cf. orientalis Funkhouser, 1918

Subfamily: Heteronotinae Goding, 1926

Tribe: Heteronotini Goding, 1926

Treehopper (Heteronotus sp.) - DSC_2025

Peru: Heteronotus sp.

Subfamily: Membracinae Rafinesque, 1815

Tribe: Aconophorini Goding, 1892

Treehopper (Calloconophora sp.) - DSC_8697

Belize: Calloconophora sp.

Tribe: Hoplophorionini Goding, 1926

Treehopper (Metcalfiella erecta) - P6143835

Ecuador: Metcalfiella erecta (Schmidt, 1906)

Tribe: Membracini Rafinesque, 1815

Treehopper (Membracis tectigera) - P6088979

Ecuador: Membracis cf. tectigera Olivier, 1792

Subfamily: Smiliinae Stål, 1866

Tribe: Ceresini Goding, 1892

Treehopper  (Poppea sp.) - DSC_2625

Peru: Poppea sp.

Tribe: Polyglyptini Goding, 1892

Treehoppers (Adippe inaequalis) - DSC_9950

Belize: Adippe inaequalis Fowler, 1896

Treehopper (Ennya sobria) - P6057202

Ecuador: Ennya sobria (Walker, 1851)

Treehopper (Ennya chrysura) - P6067484

Ecuador: Ennya chrysura (Fairmaire, 1846)

Treehopper (Ennya sp.) - P6067884

Ecuador: Ennya sp.

Treehopper (Heranice sp.) - P6067646

Ecuador: Heranice sp.


Thorn-Mimic Treehoppers (Membracidae) - DSC_6746

Thailand: Unidentified

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_7557

Singapore: Unidentified

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_1638

Singapore: Unidentified

Thorn mimic treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_8440

Singapore: Unidentified

Ants milking treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_4507

West Malaysia: Unidentified

Treehopper nymph (Heteronotinae) - DSC_2623

Peru: Heteronotinae (big), Tragopini (small)


Treehopper (Membracis sp.) - P6101291

Ecuador: Membracis cf. tectigera Olivier, 1792

Treehopper (Ennya sobria) - P6057241

Ecuador: Ennya sobria (Walker, 1851)




Hi my name is Nicky Bay. I am a macro photographer, instructor and book author, travelling the world to document the vast micro biodiversity that nature has to offer. Follow my updates and discover with me the incredible beauty and science behind our planet's micro creatures!

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