Membracidae Checklist: Treehoppers

6 October 2019

Treehoppers belong to the family Membracidae and their nymphs are sometimes also referred to as thorn bugs. They have an enlarged and often ornate pronotum (like a helmet). Treehoppers feed on sap, and any excess is excreted as honeydew which attracts ants. The ants provide protection from predators, forming a symbiosis with the treehoppers.

Most were identified with the kind assistance of Munetoshi Maruyama, Stuart McKamey, Matthew Wallace and Eli Wyman on Reddit. Some references were also made from NCSU Insect Museum: Membracidae. Thank you!

All photos are of live subjects shot in the field, with the lateral view selected where available. Click on individual photos for larger views and views from other angles. As specimens were not collected, identifications were done purely based on photographs and may not be 100% accurate.

This page will be updated regularly, please let me know if you spot any mistakes.

View my complete Flickr photo set: Membracidae – Treehoppers.

Treehopper Related Links

Region Filters

Click on any region to show only records from that region.

Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758

Order: Hemiptera Linnaeus, 1758

Superfamily: Membracoidea Rafinesque, 1815

Superfamily: Membracoidea Rafinesque, 1815

Family: Aetalionidae Spinola, 1850

Family: Melizoderidae Deitz and Dietrich, 1993

Family: Membracidae Rafinesque, 1815?

Subfamily: Centrotinae Amyot and Serville, 1843

Tribe: Centrocharesini Goding, 1931

Treehoppers (Centrochares sp.) - DSC_3081b

East Malaysia: Centrochares sp.

Tribe: Centrotini Amyot and Serville, 1843

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_6055

Mozambique: Anchon sp.

Tribe: Centrotypini Haupt, 1929

Treehoppers (Centrotypus shelfordi) - DSC_7287

East Malaysia: Centrotypus shelfordi Distant, 1916

Tribe: Choucentrini Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 1988

Treehopper (Evanchon sp.) - P3276488

Singapore: Evanchon sp. ♀

Treehopper (Evanchon sp.) - P3286735

Singapore: Evanchon sp. ♂

Tribe: Gargarini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Coccosterphus sp.) - P7040203

Singapore: Coccosterphus sp.

Treehopper (Coccosterphus sp.) - DSC_8264

Singapore: Coccosterphus sp.

Treehopper (Sipylus sp.) - P2134517

Singapore: Sipylus sp.

Treehopper (Sipylus sp.) - DSC_9112

Singapore: Sipylus sp.

Treehopper (Coccosterphus sp.) - DSC_4822

Singapore: cf. Coccosterphus sp.

Treehopper (Gargara sp.) - DSC_4994

Malaysia: cf. Gargara sp.

Treehopper (Gargara sp.) - DSC_8191

Singapore: cf. Gargara sp.

Treehopper (Gargara sp.) - DSC_4503

West Malaysia: cf. Gargara sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus fulgidus) - DSC_4147

Singapore: Tricentrus fulgidus Funkhouser 1929

Treehoppers (Gargarini) - DSC_0178

West Malaysia: cf. Nondenticentrus/Tricentrus sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) - DSC_1531

Singapore: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Ants herding a Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) - DSC_6148

West Malaysia: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Treehopper (Tricentrus sp.) with milking ants? - DSC_8600

Singapore: cf. Tricentrus sp.

Tribe: Hypsaucheniini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Hybanda sp.) - DSC_9626

Malaysia: cf. Hybanda sp.

Tribe: Leptobelini in Yuan and Chou, 2002

Treehopper (Leptobelus sp.) - DSC_6324

West Malaysia: Leptobelus sp.

Treehopper (Leptobelus sp.) - DSC_2255

Singapore: Leptobelus sp.

Tribe: Leptocentrini Distant, 1908

Treehopper (Leptocentrus sp.) - DSC_5832

Singapore: Leptocentrus sp.

Treehopper (Leptocentrus sp.) - DSC_5282

East Malaysia: Leptocentrus sp.

Treehopper (Telingana sp.) - DSC_5122

Singapore: Telingana sp.

Subfamily: Heteronotinae Goding, 1926

Tribe: Heteronotini Goding, 1926

Treehopper (Heteronotus sp.) - DSC_2025

Peru: Heteronotus sp.

Subfamily: Membracinae Rafinesque, 1815

Tribe: Aconophorini Goding, 1892

Treehopper (Calloconophora sp.) - DSC_8697

Belize: Calloconophora sp.

Subfamily: Smiliinae Stål, 1866

Tribe: Ceresini Goding, 1892

Treehopper  (Poppea sp.) - DSC_2625

Peru: Poppea sp.

Tribe: Polyglyptini Goding, 1892

Treehoppers (Adippe inaequalis) - DSC_9950

Belize: Adippe inaequalis Fowler, 1896


Thorn-Mimic Treehoppers (Membracidae) - DSC_6746

Thailand: Unidentified

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_7557

Singapore: Unidentified

Treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_1638

Singapore: Unidentified

Thorn mimic treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_8440

Singapore: Unidentified

Ants milking treehopper (Membracidae) - DSC_4507

West Malaysia: Unidentified

Treehopper nymph (Heteronotinae) - DSC_2623

Peru: Heteronotinae (big), Tragopini (small)




Hi my name is Nicky Bay. I am a macro photographer, instructor and book author, travelling the world to document the vast micro biodiversity that nature has to offer. Follow my updates and discover with me the incredible beauty and science behind our planet's micro creatures!

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