Fulgoromorpha Checklist: Planthoppers

1 June 2021

Planthoppers from the infraorder Fulgoromorpha are plant-feeding insects which “hop” in the same fashion as grasshoppers. The nymphs, as well as some females, produce wax from special glands and some of them can be exceptionally flamboyant. Planthoppers can be differentiated from other “hoppers” (such as treehoppers, leafhoppers and froghoppers) by its Y-shaped anal veins in the forewing, and the thick three-segmented antennae.


This page consists of a personal checklist of all Planthoppers (Fulgoromorpha) that I’ve encountered over the years. Most were identified with the help from the kind folks on iNaturalist, Flickr and Facebook, especially WonGun Kim, Jerome Constant, Doug Yanega and Solomon Hendrix (Flickr)

All photos are of live subjects shot in the field, with the dorsal view selected where available. Click on individual photos for larger views and views from other angles. As specimens were not collected, identifications were done purely based on photographs and may not be 100% accurate. I have also included some notes on the identifying traits of each family, primarily referenced from O’Brien & Wilson, 1988.

This page will be updated regularly, please let me know if you spot any mistakes.

View my Flickr photo albums of Fulgoromorpha by family:


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Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758

Order: Hemiptera Linnaeus, 1758

Infraorder: Fulgoromorpha Evans, 1946

Superfamily: Delphacoidea Leach, 1815

Family: Cixiidae Spinola, 1839

Cixiidae is identified by its membranous fore wings, usually having tubercles set with small setae along the veins.

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - P1281349

Singapore: Cixiidae P1281349

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - P1281350

Singapore: Cixiidae P1281350

Cixiid Planthopper (Cixiidae) - DSC_8703

Singapore: Cixiidae 8703

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - DSC_1673

Singapore: Cixiidae 1673

Planthopper (cf. Cixiidae) - DSC_3853

West Malaysia: cf. Cixiidae 3853

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - P3103244

East Malaysia: Cixiidae P3103244

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - P1271286

Singapore: Cixiidae P1271286

Planthopper (Cixiidae) - P1271282

Singapore: Cixiidae P1271282

Subfamily: Cixiinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe: Andini Emeljanov, 2002

Planthopper (Andes sp.) - P4188006

Singapore: Andes sp. P4188006

Planthopper (Andes sp.) - P4177875

Singapore: Andes sp. P4177875

Planthopper (Andes sp.) - DSC_3760

East Malaysia: Andes sp. DSC_3760

Planthopper (Andini) - PB193188

Thailand: Andini PB193188

Planthopper (Andini) - P4164921

Singapore: Andini P4164921

Planthopper (Andini) - P2241574

Singapore: Andini P2241574

Planthopper (Andini) - PC252400

Singapore: Andini PC252400

Planthopper (Andini) - PC252389

Singapore: Andini PC252389

Planthopper (Andini) - P4235394

Singapore: Andini P4235394

Planthopper (Andini) - DSC_3100

West Malaysia: Andini DSC_3100

Tribe: Bennini Metcalf, 1938

Planthopper (Bennini) - P4188509

Singapore: Bennini P4188509

Planthopper (Bennini) - P4188512

Singapore: Bennini P4188512

Planthopper (Bennini) - PB040714

Singapore: Bennini PB040714

Planthopper (Bennini) - DSC_4217

East Malaysia: Bennini DSC_4217

Planthopper (Bennini) - P7073646

East Malaysia: Bennini P7073646

Planthopper (Bennini) - P7073651

East Malaysia: Bennini P7073651

Planthopper (Bennini) - PB040714

Singapore: Bennini PB040714

Planthopper (Bennini) - P3102939

East Malaysia: Bennini P3102939

Tribe: Borysthenini Emeljanov, 1989

Planthopper (Borysthenes sp.) - P3091879

East Malaysia: Borysthenes sp. P3091879

Planthopper (Borysthenes sp.) - P3091885

East Malaysia: Borysthenes sp. P3091885

Planthopper (Borysthenes sp.) - DSC_4640

East Malaysia: Borysthenes sp. 4640

Tribe: Cixiini Muir, 1923

Planthopper (Cixiini) - P6144022

Ecuador: Cixiini P6144022

Planthopper (Cixiini) - P6144020

Ecuador: Cixiini P6144020

Tribe: Eucarpiini Emeljanov, 2002

Planthopper (Eucarpiini) - P7110029

Singapore: Eucarpiini P7110029

Tribe: Mnemosynini Emeljanov, 1992

Planthopper (Mnemosyne sp.) - DSC_6840

East Malaysia: Mnemosyne sp. DSC_6840

Planthopper (Mnemosyne sp.) - DSC_6843

East Malaysia: Mnemosyne sp. DSC_6843

Planthopper (Mnemosynini) - DSC_4880

Singapore: Mnemosynini 4880

Planthopper (Mnemosynini) - DSC_4876

Singapore: Mnemosynini 4876

Planthopper (Mnemosynini) - P1229844

West Malaysia: Mnemosynini P1229844

Tribe: Pentastirini Emeljanov, 1971

Planthopper (Pentastirini) - P3262983

Singapore: Pentastirini P3262983

Planthopper (cf. Oliarus sp.) - P1155094

Singapore: cf. Oliarus sp.

Planthopper (Pentastirini) - DSC_6147

West Malaysia: Pentastirini 6147

Planthopper (Pentastirini) - DSC_6144

West Malaysia: Pentastirini 6144

Tribe: Pintaliini Metcalf, 1938

Planthopper (Muirolonia sp.) - P6142709

Ecuador: Muirolonia sp. P6142709

Planthopper (Muirolonia sp.) - P6142894

Ecuador: Muirolonia sp. P6142894

Planthopper (Muirolonia sp.) - P6154098

Ecuador: Muirolonia sp. P6154098

Planthopper (Muirolonia sp.) - P6154090

Ecuador: Muirolonia sp. P6154090

Planthopper (Pintaliini) - P6154458

Ecuador: Pintaliini P6154458

Planthopper (Pintaliini) - P6155011

Ecuador: Pintaliini P6155011

Planthopper (Pintaliini) - P6154534

Ecuador: Pintaliini P6154534

Planthopper (Pintaliini) - P6143221

Ecuador: Pintaliini P6143221

Planthopper (Pintaliini) - P6143291

Ecuador: Pintaliini P6143291

Family: Delphacidae Leach, 1815

Delphacidae is identified by its hind tibial spur.

Planthopper (Delphacidae) - P7052574

East Malaysia: Delphacidae P7052574

Planthopper (Delphacidae) - P7052568

East Malaysia: Delphacidae P7052568

Planthopper (Delphacidae) - P7105858

East Malaysia: Delphacidae P7105858

Subfamily: Asiracinae Motschulsky, 1863

Tribe: Ugyopini Fennah, 1979

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - P7052424

East Malaysia: Ugyops sp. P7052424

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - P7052426

East Malaysia: Ugyops sp. P7052426

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - DSC_5487

Singapore: Ugyops sp. 5487

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - DSC_5481

Singapore: Ugyops sp. 5481

Planthopper nymph (Ugyops sp.) - P4306165

Singapore: Ugyops sp. P4306165

Planthopper nymph (Ugyops sp.) - P4306170

Singapore: Ugyops sp. P4306170

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - P7012002

West Malaysia: Ugyops sp. P7012002

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - P7012003

West Malaysia: Ugyops sp. P7012003

Planthopper (Ugyops sp.) - P3175381

West Malaysia: Ugyops sp. P3175381

Superfamily: Fulgoroidea Latreille, 1807

Family: Acanaloniidae Amyot and Serville, 1843

Acanaloniidae is identified by the single spine on each side of the second hind tarsomere and no spines on the sides of the tibiae. Sometimes misidentified as Flatidae, which are easily separated by their parallel crossveins in the costal area.

Acanaloniidae - ESC_0216

Belize: Acanaloniidae

Family: Achilidae Stål, 1866

Achilidae is identified by the fore wings overlapping distally and most are dorsoventrally flattened.

Planthopper (Achilidae) - DSC_2336

Singapore: Achilidae 2336

Planthopper (Achilidae) - DSC_2342

Singapore: Achilidae 2342

Planthopper (Achilidae) - DSC_4199

East Malaysia: Achilidae 4199

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P6143539

Ecuador: Achilidae P6143539

Planthopper (Achilidae) - PB182243

Thailand: Achilidae PB182243

Planthopper (Achilidae) - PB182244

Thailand: Achilidae PB182244

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P8073315

Singapore: Achilidae P8073315

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P8073314

Singapore: Achilidae P8073314

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P8066335

Singapore: Achilidae P8066335

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P8066338

Singapore: Achilidae P8066338

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P7084747

East Malaysia: Achilidae P7084747

Planthopper (Achilidae) - P3114149

East Malaysia: Achilidae P3114149

Subfamily: Achilinae Stål, 1866

Tribe: Achilini Fennah, 1950

Planthopper nymph (Elidipterina) - DSC_8121

East Malaysia: Elidipterina 8121

Planthopper nymph (Elidipterina) - DSC_8116

East Malaysia: Elidipterina 8121

Planthopper (Faventilla pustulata) - P8288351

West Malaysia: Faventilla pustulata Walker, 1857

Subfamily: Myconinae Fennah, 1950

Tribe: Plectoderini Fennah, 1950

Planthopper (Plectoderes collaris) - DSC_1411

Peru: Plectoderes collaris Coquebert de Montbret, 1801

Planthopper (Plectoderes collaris) - DSC_1412

Peru: Plectoderes collaris Coquebert de Montbret, 1801

Family: Caliscelidae Amyot & Serville, 1843

Subfamily: Caliscelinae Melichar, 1906

Tribe: Caliscelini Amyot & Serville, 1843

Planthopper nymph (Caliscelini) - P6101188

Ecuador: Caliscelini P6101188

Planthopper nymph (Caliscelini) - P6101196

Ecuador: Caliscelini P6101196

Family: Derbidae Spinola, 1839

Most members of Derbidae have the apical joint of the rostrum as wide as long, although some genera have it longer than wide. Most can be identified by the second hind tarsomere with a row of apical spines, but some genera have a single spine on each side.

Planthopper (Nesorhamma sp.) - DSC_8942

Singapore: Nesorhamma sp. 8942

Planthopper (Nesorhamma sp.) - DSC_8936

Singapore: Nesorhamma sp. 8936

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_5722

West Malaysia: Derbidae 5722

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_5747

West Malaysia: Derbidae 5747

Planthopper (Derbidae?) - DSC_1383

Singapore: cf. Derbidae 1383

Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_1719

Singapore: Derbidae 1719

Planthopper (Derbidae) - P6078542

Ecuador: Derbidae P6078542

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_9421

Madagascar: Derbidae

Subfamily: Breddiniolinae Fennah, 1950

Tribe: Cedusini Emeljanov, 1992

Planthopper (Cedusini) - DSC_2297

Peru: Cedusini DSC_2297

Planthopper (Cedusa sp.) - P6067386

Ecuador: Cedusa sp.

Subfamily: Derbinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe: Cenchreini Muir, 1917

Planthopper (Goneokara pullum) - P9027545

Singapore: Goneokara pullum Muir, 1913

Planthopper (Goneokara pullum) - PC181311

Singapore: Goneokara pullum Muir, 1913

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P7012236

West Malaysia: Cenchreini P7012236

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P7012242

West Malaysia: Cenchreini P7012242

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P7052956

East Malaysia: Cenchreini P7052956

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P7052954

East Malaysia: Cenchreini P7052954

Planthopper (Vekunta sp.) - P2127620

Singapore: Vekunta sp. P2127620

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P6142990

Ecuador: Cenchreini P6142990

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P6088822

Ecuador: Cenchreini P6088822

Planthopper (Cenchreini) - P6088825

Ecuador: Cenchreini P6088825

Tribe: Derbini Spinola, 1839

Planthopper (Derbe sp.) - P6100007

Ecuador: Derbe sp. P6100007

Derbid planthopper (Derbe sp.) - DSC_4176

Peru: Derbe sp. DSC_4176

Planthopper (Mysidiina) - P6088829

Ecuador: Mysidiina P6088829

Planthopper (Derbidae) - P6101494

Ecuador: Derbidae P6101494

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_3541

Peru: Derbidae 3541

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_4176

Peru: Derbidae 4176

Tribe: Nicertini Emeljanov, 1992

Planthopper (Robigus sp.) - P2241378

Singapore: Robigus sp. P2241378

Derbid Planthopper (Nicerta sp.) - DSC_8843

Singapore: Nicerta cf. fervens Walker, 1857

Planthopper (Leptaleocera sp.) - P3175255

West Malaysia: Leptaleocera sp. P3175255

Planthopper (Leptaleocera sp.) - P3175257

West Malaysia: Leptaleocera sp. P3175257

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_8574

Singapore: Derbidae 8574

Derbid planthopper (Leptaleocera sp.) - DSC_5153

East Malaysia: Leptaleocera sp. 5153

Planthopper (Derbidae?) - DSC_2678

Singapore: Derbidae 2678

Derbid Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_5970

Singapore: Derbidae 5970

Planthopper (Megatropis sp.) - P5240520

Singapore: Megatropis sp. P5240520

Derbid planthoppers (Megatropis immaculata) - DSC_4547

East Malaysia: Megatropis immaculata Muir, 1913

Subfamily: Otiocerinae Muir, 1917

Tribe: Kamendakini Emeljanov, 1995

Planthopper (cf. Kamendaka sp.) - P9188283

Singapore: cf. Kamendaka sp. P9188283

Planthopper (cf. Kamendaka sp.) - P9188281

Singapore: cf. Kamendaka sp. P9188281

Tribe: Otiocerini Muir, 1917

Planthopper (Mysidioides sp.) - DSC_9730

East Malaysia: Mysidioides sp. DSC_9730

Planthopper (Mysidioides sp.) - DSC_9730

East Malaysia: Mysidioides sp. DSC_9730

Planthopper (Mysidioides sp.) - PB214522

Thailand: Mysidioides sp. PB214522

Planthopper (Mysidioides sp.) - P8247123

Singapore: Mysidioides sp. P8247123

Planthopper (Shellenius sp.) - P6143054

Ecuador: Shellenius sp. P6143054

Planthopper (Shellenius sp.) - P6143351

Ecuador: Shellenius sp. P6143351

Planthopper (cf. Swezeyia sp.) - P7052467

East Malaysia: cf. Swezeyia sp. P7052467

Planthopper (cf. Pepleuca albipennis) - PC096264

Singapore: cf. Pepleuca albipennis Muir, 1915

Tribe: Patarini Emeljanov, 1994

Planthopper (Patarini) - P6067911

Ecuador: Patarini P6067911

Tribe: Rhotanini Muir, 1913

Planthopper (Alara sp.) - PC095918

Singapore: Alara sp.

Planthopper (Alara cornigera) - P1218500

West Malaysia: Alara cornigera Zelazny, 2011

Planthopper (Rhotana holtmanni) - P3114412

East Malaysia: Rhotana holtmanni Zelazny, 2011

Jumping spider mimic planthopper (Rhotana marmorata) - P5230049

Singapore: Rhotana marmorata Zelazny, 1981

Planthopper (Rhotana semiopalina) - P3138011

East Malaysia: Rhotana semiopalina Muir, 1926

Planthopper (Rhotana cf. venosa) - P3114464

East Malaysia: Rhotana venosa Distant, 1906

Planthopper (Rhotana sp.) - P5046433

Singapore: Rhotana sp. P5046433

Planthopper (Rhotana sp.) - P5046441

Singapore: Rhotana sp. P5046441

Planthopper (Saccharodite coccinea) - P5220233

Singapore: Saccharodite coccinea Zelazny, 1981

Planthopper (Saccharodite sp.) - P3114155

East Malaysia: Saccharodite sp. P3114155

Derbid planthopper (Saccharodite sp.) - DSC_3868

East Malaysia: Saccharodite sp. 3868

Planthopper (Saccharodite sp.) - DSC_7939

West Malaysia: Saccharodite sp. DSC_7939

Planthopper (Sumangala sp.) - P3137848

East Malaysia: Sumangala sp. P3137848

Planthopper (Sumangala sp.) - PB215350

Thailand: Sumangala sp. PB215350

Planthopper (Derbidae) - P3276558

Singapore: Derbidae

Derbid planthopper (Alara sp.) - DSC_4612

East Malaysia: Alara sp. 4612

Tribe: Zoraidini Muir, 1913

Planthopper (Peggiopsis sp.) - P7052519

East Malaysia: Peggiopsis sp. P7052519

Planthopper (Peggiopsis sp.) - P7052526

East Malaysia: Peggiopsis sp. P7052526

Planthopper (Zoraida sp.) - P8076649

Singapore: Zoraida sp. P8076649

Planthopper (Zoraida sp.) - P8076654

Singapore: Zoraida sp. P8076654

Planthopper (cf. Zoraida sp.) - P7052519

East Malaysia: cf. Zoraida sp. P7052519

Planthopper (cf. Zoraida sp.) - P7052526

East Malaysia: cf. Zoraida sp. P7052526

Planthopper (Lyddina) - P1205811b

Singapore: Lyddina P1205811b

Planthopper (Lyddina) - DSC_0893

Singapore: Lyddina 0893

Planthopper (Zoraidini) - P1230132

West Malaysia: Zoraidini P1230132

Planthopper (cf. Neoproutista sp.) - P4164623

Singapore: cf. Neoproutista sp. P4164623

Derbid planthopper (cf. Neoproutista sp.) - DSC_8640

Singapore: cf. Neoproutista sp. 8640

Planthopper (Zoraidini) - P2269077

Singapore: Zoraidini P2269077

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_1031

Singapore: Derbidae 1031

Planthopper (Derbidae) - P2144627

Singapore: Derbidae P2144627

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6287

East Malaysia: Derbidae 6287

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6274

East Malaysia: Derbidae 6274

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_2695

West Malaysia: Derbidae 2695

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_2699

West Malaysia: Derbidae 2699

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_3260

Singapore: Derbidae 3260

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_3262

Singapore: Derbidae 3260

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6010

Singapore: Derbidae 6010

Derbid planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6019

Singapore: Derbidae 6019

Derbid Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6521

Singapore: Derbidae 6521

Derbid Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6520

Singapore: Derbidae 6520

Derbid Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_7118

Singapore: Derbidae 7118

Derbid Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_7114

Singapore: Derbidae 7118

Planthopper (cf. Neoproutista sp.) - P3137445

East Malaysia: cf. Neoproutista sp. P3137445

Planthopper (cf. Neoproutista sp.) - P3137447

East Malaysia: cf. Neoproutista sp. P3137445

Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_7310

Singapore: Zeugma elegans Muir, 1926

Derbidae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (Derbidae) - DSC_3139

Singapore: Derbidae 3139

Planthopper nymph (Derbidae) - DSC_3146

Singapore: Derbidae 3146

Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6742

Singapore: Derbidae 6742

Planthopper (Derbidae) - DSC_6722

Singapore: Derbidae 6722

Derbid planthopper nymph (Derbidae) - DSC_5726

West Malaysia: Derbidae 5726

Derbid planthopper nymph (Derbidae) - DSC_5735

West Malaysia: Derbidae 5726

Family: Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839

Dictyopharidae is identified by the row of apical spines on the second hind tarsomere and either a cephalic projection or the frons with two or three median carinae. The lateral carinae of the frons are continued on the clypeus. Some species have crossveins in the apical part of the hind wings, but not in the anal area.

Planthopper (Dictyopharidae) - P6154285

Ecuador: Dictyopharidae P6154285

Planthopper (Dictyopharidae) - P6154360

Ecuador: Dictyopharidae P6154360

Subfamily: Dictyopharinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe: Dictyopharini Melichar, 1912

False lanternfly (Dictyopharidae) - P7110014

Singapore: Raivuna cf. nakanonis (Matsumura, 1910)

False lanternfly (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_0813

Singapore: Raivuna cf. nakanonis (Matsumura, 1910)

Tribe: Orthopagini Emeljanov, 1983

False lanternfly (Centromeria maculata) - DSC_8063

East Malaysia: Centromeria maculata Song & Webb & Liang 2016

False lanternfly (Centromeria maculata) - DSC_8067

East Malaysia: Centromeria maculata Song & Webb & Liang 2016

False lanternfly (Centromeria sp.) - ESC_0059

East Malaysia: Centromeria sp. 0059

False lanternfly (Centromeria sp.) - ESC_0057

East Malaysia: Centromeria sp. 0057

Planthopper (Dictyopharina longicephala) - P2241708

Singapore: Dictyopharina longicephala Song & Liang, 2006

Planthopper (Dictyopharina longicephala) - P2241713

Singapore: Dictyopharina longicephala Song & Liang, 2006

Planthopper (Miasa nigromaculata) - P7095084

East Malaysia: Miasa nigromaculata Song, Webb & Liang, 2014

Dictyopharidae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_7848

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 7848

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_7858

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 7858

False lanternfly nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_7025

East Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 7025

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_7418

East Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 7418

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_8788

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 8788

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_8786

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae 8786

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - DSC_7897

Singapore: Dictyopharidae 7897

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - P3103316

East Malaysia: Dictyopharidae P3103316

Planthopper nymph (Centromeria sp.) - P7084316

East Malaysia: Centromeria sp. P7084316

Planthopper nymph (Centromeria sp.) - P7084326

East Malaysia: Centromeria sp. P7084326

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - P1230536

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae P1230536

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - P1230541

West Malaysia: Dictyopharidae P1230541

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - P7095633

East Malaysia: Dictyopharidae P7095633

Planthopper nymph (Dictyopharidae) - P7095638

East Malaysia: Dictyopharidae P7095638

Family: Eurybrachidae Stål, 1862

Eurybrachidae is identified by second hind tarsomere without spines and vertex with width three times length in midline.

Subfamily: Eurybrachinae Stal, 1862

Tribe: Eurybrachini Stål, 1862

Planthopper (Thessitus sp.) - DSC_9339

East Malaysia: Thessitus sp.

Planthopper (Thessitus sp.) - DSC_8707

East Malaysia: Thessitus sp.

Planthopper (Thessitus sp.) - DSC_3906

West Malaysia: Thessitus sp.

Planthopper nymph (Thessitus sp.) - DSC_1071b

West Malaysia: Thessitus sp.

Tribe: Frutini Schmidt 1908

Eurybrachid planthopper (Chalia sp.) - DSC_4242

East Malaysia: Chalia sp. DSC_4242

Eurybrachid planthopper (Chalia sp.) - DSC_4597

East Malaysia: Chalia sp. DSC_4597

Tribe: Loxocephalini Schmidt, 1908

Planthopper (Loxocephala unipunctata) - PB182122

Thailand: Loxocephala unipunctata Chou & Huang 1984

Planthopper (Loxocephala unipunctata) - PB182155

Thailand: Loxocephala unipunctata Chou & Huang 1984

Subfamily: Platybrachinae Metcalf, 1952

Tribe: Ancyrini Schmidt, 1908

Eurybrachid Planthopper (Ancyra sp.) - DSC_5052

Cambodia: Ancyra sp.

Eurybrachid Planthopper (Ancyra sp.) - DSC_5056

Cambodia: Ancyra sp.

Planthopper (Ancyra sp.) - PB182134

Thailand: Ancyra sp.

Planthopper (Ancyra sp.) - PB182137

Thailand: Ancyra sp.

Family: Flatidae Spinola, 1839

Flatidae is identified by numerous parallel crossveins along the costal margin and the tubercles on the clavus, along with the single spine on each side of the second hind tarsomere.

Flatid Planthopper (Flatidae) - DSC_7246

Singapore: Flatidae 7246

Flatid planthopper (Flatidae) - DSC_8114

Singapore: Flatidae 8114

Flatid planthopper (Flatidae) - DSC_3044

Singapore: Flatidae 3044

Flatid Planthopper (Flatidae) - DSC_5250

Cambodia: Flatidae 5250

Flatid Planthopper (Flatidae?) - DSC_8895

East Malaysia: Flatidae 8895

Planthopper (Flatidae) - DSC_5110

Singapore: Flatidae 5110

Subfamily: Flatinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe: Ceryniini Distant, 1906

Flatid planthoppers (Bythopsyrna tineoides) - DSC_7119

East Malaysia: Bythopsyrna tineoides (Olivier, 1791)

Planthopper (Bythopsyrna trichrousa) - PB182060

Thailand: Bythopsyrna trichrousa Peng, Zhang & Wang, 2010

Planthopper (Cerynia albata) - P5199195

Singapore: Cerynia albata (Stål, 1854)

Planthopper (Copsyrna maculata) - Z72_1875

Singapore: Copsyrna maculata (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Tribe: Flatini Spinola, 1839

Planthopper (Daeda sp.) - P1271272

Singapore: Daeda sp. P1271272

Planthopper (Flatomorpha sp.) - P1218482

West Malaysia: Flatomorpha sp. P1218482

Planthopper (Flatula cf. cribrata) - P5219588

Singapore: Flatula cf. cribrata Melichar, 1902

Planthopper (cf. Stenume kryptala) - P7011964

West Malaysia: cf. Stenume kryptala Medler, 1999

Tribe: Lawanini Melichar, 1923

Planthopper (Colobesthes falcata) - P7216617

Singapore: Colobesthes falcata (Guérin-Méneville, 1834)

Flatid planthopper (Cromna acutipennis) - DSC_8075

East Malaysia: Cromna acutipennis (Walker, 1857)

Planthopper (Lawana conspersa) - P8152439

Singapore: Lawana conspersa (Walker, 1851)

Flatid planthopper (Lawana pryeri) - DSC_7026

East Malaysia: Lawana pryeri (Distant, 1880)

Planthopper (Lawana radiata) - PB182127

Thailand: Lawana radiata (Distant, 1906)

Tribe: Nephesini Distant, 1906

Planthopper (Nephesa intrusa) - P8056268

Singapore: Nephesa intrusa Melichar, 1902

Planthopper (Nephesa ligata) - DSC_3286

Singapore: Nephesa ligata (Distant, 1892)

Planthopper (Nephesa truncaticornis) - P3092388

East Malaysia: Nephesa truncaticornis (Spinola, 1839)

Planthopper (Nephesini) - P1218733

West Malaysia: Nephesini P1218733

Flatid planthopper (Sanurus sp.) - DSC_0144

Singapore: cf. Sanurus sp. 0144

Tribe: Ormenisini Medler, 2001

Planthopper (Anaya luteimargo) - P5017727

Singapore: Anaya luteimargo (Walker, 1857)

Tribe: Phyllyphantini Melichar, 1923

Planthopper (Salurnis sp.) - P2241632

Singapore: Salurnis sp.

Flatid planthopper (Salurnis marginella) - DSC_1371

Singapore: Salurnis cf. marginella (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Planthopper nymph (Salurnis marginella) - DSC_0367

Singapore: Salurnis marginella (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Planthopper nymph (Salurnis marginella) - DSC_0371

Singapore: Salurnis marginella (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Planthopper nymph (Salurnis marginella) - DSC_1939

Singapore: Salurnis marginella (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Planthopper (Salurnis marginella) - DSC_9727

Singapore: Salurnis marginella (Guérin-Méneville, 1829)

Tribe: Selizini Distant, 1906

Planthopper (Seliza vidua) - P7251023

Singapore: Seliza vidua (Stål, 1854)

Planthopper (Seliza vidua) - P4164782

Singapore: Seliza vidua (Stål, 1854)

Planthopper nymph (Seliza vidua) - PA140370

Singapore: Seliza vidua (Stål, 1854)

Tribe: Siphantini Melichar, 1923

Planthopper (cf. Siphanta sp.) - DSC_7202

Singapore: cf. Siphanta sp. 7202

Subfamily: Flatoidinae Melichar, 1901

Planthopper nymph (Flatoidinae) - P1226274

Singapore: Flatoidinae P1226274

Planthopper (Flatoidinae) - P2198322

Singapore: Flatoidinae P2198322

Tribe: Flatoidini Melichar, 1901

Planthopper (Atracis sp.) - P3103581

East Malaysia: Atracis sp. P3103581

Planthopper (Uxantis cf. reversa) - PC252334

Singapore: Uxantis cf. reversa Melichar, 1902

Flatidae Nymphs

Flatid Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_9777

Singapore: Flatidae 9777

Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_6139

West Malaysia: Flatidae 6139

Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_8338

East Malaysia: Flatidae 8338

Planthopper nymph (Flatoidinae) - DSC_0522

West Malaysia: Flatoidinae 0522

Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_1786

Singapore: Flatidae 1786

Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_1799

Singapore: Flatidae 1799

Planthopper nymph (Flatidae) - DSC_6578

Singapore: Flatidae 6578

Family: Fulgoridae Latreille, 1807

Fulgoridae is identified by second hind tarsomere with row of apical spines and both apical and anal area of hind wings with cross veins. The marginal carinae on the frons are continued on to the clypeus, like in Dictyopharidae, Lophopidae and Nogodinidae. Differentiated from Eurybrachidae by the latter’s absence of apical spines on the second hind tarsomere.

Family: Issidae Spinola, 1839

Issidae usually lacks carinae on clypeus, usually with opaque fore wings, usually have the apical costal margin of the fore wing deflexed or reflexed.

Planthopper (Issidae) - P6078734

Ecuador: Issidae P6078734

Subfamily: Hemisphaeriinae Melichar, 1906

Tribe: Eupilisini Gnezdilov, 2020

Planthopper (Eupilisini) - DSC_6497

East Malaysia: Eupilisini DSC_6497

Planthopper (Eupilisini) - DSC_6458

East Malaysia: Eupilisini DSC_6458

Tribe: Hemisphaeriini Melichar, 1906

Planthopper (Gergithoides sp.) - P3165146

West Malaysia: Gergithoides sp. P3165146

Planthopper (Gergithoides sp.) - P3165170

West Malaysia: Gergithoides sp. P3165170

Pill-like planthopper (Gergithus floreni) - DSC_7087

East Malaysia: Gergithus floreni Constant, 2021

Pill-like planthopper (Gergithus floreni) - DSC_7095

East Malaysia: Gergithus floreni Constant, 2021

Pill-like planthopper (Gergithus sp.) - DSC_4142

West Malaysia: Gergithus sp.

Pill-like planthopper (Gergithus sp.) - DSC_4151

West Malaysia: Gergithus sp.

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius formosus) - DSC_4721

Singapore: Hemisphaerius cf. formosus Melichar, 1913

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius formosus) - DSC_4743

Singapore: Hemisphaerius cf. formosus Melichar, 1913

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius formosus) - DSC_4810

Singapore: Hemisphaerius cf. formosus Melichar, 1913

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius formosus) - DSC_4817

Singapore: Hemisphaerius cf. formosus Melichar, 1913

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius rufovarius) - P3103155

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius rufovarius Walker, 1858

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius rufovarius) - P3103159

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius rufovarius Walker, 1858

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius typicus) - P7095073

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius typicus Walker, 1857

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius typicus) - P7084521

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius typicus Walker, 1857

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_5963

Indonesia: Hemisphaerius sp. 5963

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_5855

Indonesia: Hemisphaerius sp. 5855

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_9306

Singapore: Hemisphaerius sp. 9306

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_0642

Singapore: Hemisphaerius sp. 0642

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_4778

Singapore: Hemisphaerius sp. 4778

Candy planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_4788

Singapore: Hemisphaerius sp. 4788

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_4056

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. 4056

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_9590

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. 9590

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_6736

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. 6736

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_6740

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. 6740

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - P7012052

West Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. P7012052

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - P3138005

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. P3138005

Pill-like planthopper (Hemisphaerius sp.) - P7095137

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp. P7095137

Tribe: Parahiraciini Cheng & Yang, 1991

Planthopper (Parahiraciini) - PA120207

Singapore: Parahiraciini PA120207

Planthopper (Parahiraciini) - PA120212

Singapore: Parahiraciini PA120212

Planthopper (Parahiraciini) - P9229477

Singapore: Parahiraciini P9229477

Planthopper (Parahiraciini) - P9229482

Singapore: Parahiraciini P9229482

Planthopper (Parahiraciini) - DSC_3871

Singapore: Parahiraciini 3871

Issidae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (cf. Gergithus sp.) - P1219390

West Malaysia: cf. Gergithus sp. P1219390

Planthopper nymph (cf. Gergithus sp.) - P1219398

West Malaysia: cf. Gergithus sp. P1219398

Planthopper nymph (Parahiraciini) - DSC_8804

West Malaysia: Parahiraciini 8804

Planthopper nymph (Parahiraciini) - DSC_8807

West Malaysia: Parahiraciini 8807

Issid nymph (Parahiraciini) - DSC_8861

Singapore: Parahiraciini

Issid nymph (Parahiraciini) - DSC_8864

Singapore: Parahiraciini

Pill-like planthopper nymph (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_6428

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp.

Pill-like planthopper nymph (Hemisphaerius sp.) - DSC_6435

East Malaysia: Hemisphaerius sp.

Issid Planthopper (Issidae) - DSC_6852

Singapore: Issidae 6852

Issid Planthopper (Issidae) - DSC_6860

Singapore: Issidae 6860

Planthopper nymph (Issidae) - ESC_0398

East Malaysia: Issidae 0398

Planthopper nymph (Issidae) - ESC_0401

East Malaysia: Issidae 0398

Planthopper nymph (Issidae) - DSC_8226

East Malaysia: Issidae 8226

Planthopper nymph (Issidae) - DSC_8230

East Malaysia: Issidae 8230

Planthopper nymph (Issidae) - DSC_6664

West Malaysia: Issidae 6664

Family: Kinnaridae Muir, 1925

Kinnaridae is identified by the wax-secreting plates on tergites 7 – 9 for females.

Subfamily: Kinnarinae Muir, 1925

Tribe: Kinnarini Muir, 1925

Planthopper (Kinnara unimaculata) - P1208305

West Malaysia: Kinnara unimaculata Liang, 2002

Planthopper (Kinnara unimaculata) - P1208310

West Malaysia: Kinnara unimaculata Liang, 2002

Planthopper (Kinnara sp.) - P7074087

East Malaysia: Kinnara sp.

Planthopper (Kinnara sp.) - P7074093

East Malaysia: Kinnara sp.

Family: Lophopidae Stål, 1866

Lophopidae is identified by the absence of spines on the second hind tarsomere, compound eyes normal, vertex with width less than three times length, frons usually longer than wide or with one to three longitudinal carinae.

Planthopper (Lophopidae) - DSC_4455

West Malaysia: Lophopidae 4455

Planthopper nymph (Lophopidae) - DSC_7935

East Malaysia: Lophopidae 7935

Planthopper nymph (Lophopidae) - P5229972

Singapore: Lophopidae

Planthopper nymph (Lophopidae) - P6101188

Ecuador: Lophopidae P6101188

Subfamily: Lophopinae Stål, 1866

Tribe: Elasmoscelini Melichar, 1915

Planthopper (Elasmoscelis sp.) - DSC_3876

Mozambique: Elasmoscelis sp. 3876

Planthopper (Elasmoscelis sp.) - DSC_3881

Mozambique: Elasmoscelis sp. 3881

Planthopper (Elasmoscelis sp.) - DSC_3353

Mozambique: Elasmoscelis sp. 3353

Tribe: Lophopini Stål, 1866

Planthopper (Pitambara sp.) - P5240625

Singapore: Pitambara sp. P5240625

Planthopper (Pitambara sp.) - P5240622

Singapore: Pitambara sp. P5240622

Subfamily: Menoscinae Melichar, 1915

Tribe: Menoscini Melichar, 1915

Lophopid Planthopper (Apia lineolata) - DSC_3774

Singapore: Apia lineolata Distant, 1909

Lophopid Planthopper (Apia lineolata) - DSC_3762

Singapore: Apia lineolata Distant, 1909

Planthopper (Aluma exigua) - PB182183

Thailand: Aluma exigua Melichar, 1915

Planthopper (Aluma exigua) - PB182187

Thailand: Aluma exigua Melichar, 1915

Family: Meenoplidae Fieber, 1872

Meenoplidae is identified by one or both claval veins tuberculate (appearing granular), second hind tarsomere with apical spines, and abdominal terga divided medially into two plates.

Planthopper nymph (Nisia sp.) - DSC_1319

Singapore: Nisia sp.

Planthopper (cf. Meenoplidae) - DSC_1134

Singapore: cf. Meenoplidae 1134

Subfamily: Kermesiinae Kirkaldy, 1906

Planthopper (Kermesia sp.) - P3175352

West Malaysia: Kermesia sp. P3175352

Planthopper (Kermesia sp.) - P3175349

West Malaysia: Kermesia sp. P3175349

Planthopper (Kermesia sp.) - P3091891

East Malaysia: Kermesia sp. P3091891

Planthopper (Kermesia sp.) - P3091889

East Malaysia: Kermesia sp. P3091889

Family: Nogodinidae Melichar, 1898

Most members of Nogodinidae have membranous fore wings with many veins similar to that of Ricaniidae but slightly more rounded and less triangular. There is usually a lateral carina on the clypeus, like in Fulgoridae, Dictyopharidae and Lophopidae.

Planthopper (Cotylana sp.) - DSC_8731

Singapore: cf. Cotylana sp. 8731

Planthopper (Cotylana sp.) - DSC_8641

Singapore: cf. Cotylana sp. 8641

Planthopper (Cotylana sp.) - DSC_1156

Singapore: cf. Cotylana sp. 1156

Planthopper (Cotylana sp.) - DSC_0671

Singapore: cf. Cotylana sp. 0671

Net-winged planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_2689

Peru: Nogodinidae 2689

Net-winged planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_2692

Peru: Nogodinidae 2692

Net-winged planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_6441

East Malaysia: Nogodinidae 6441

Net-winged planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_8381

Singapore: Nogodinidae 8381

Net-Winged Planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_7072

Singapore: Nogodinidae 7072

Flatid Planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_5475

Singapore: Nogodinidae 5475

Nogodinidae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (Nogodinidae) - P9198570

Singapore: Nogodinidae P9198570

Planthopper (Nogodinidae) - DSC_6004

East Malaysia: Nogodinidae DSC_6004

Planthopper nymph (Nogodinidae) - DSC_8407

Singapore: Nogodinidae DSC_8407

Planthopper nymph (Nogodinidae) - DSC_8826

Singapore: Nogodinidae DSC_8826

Family: Ricaniidae Amyot and Serville, 1843

Members of Ricaniidae have many crossveins in the precostal area, like Nogodinidae and Flatidae, but they have no spines on the second hind tarsomere. The fore wings are usually subtriangular, tectiform, and membranous with dark patterns or dark with membranous clear areas (similar to some moths).

Moth-like planthopper (Ricanula stigmatica) - DSC_8827

Singapore: Ricanula stigmatica (Stål, 1869)Ricanula sp.

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_9089

Singapore: Ricania taeniata Stål, 1870

Moth-Like Planthopper (Ricanula sp.) - DSC_9265

Singapore: Ricanula sp. 9265

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_4172

West Malaysia: Ricaniidae 4172

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8812

West Malaysia: Ricaniidae 8812

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_4299

East Malaysia: Ricaniidae 4299

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - P6021146

Singapore: Ricaniidae P6021146

Moth-like Planthopper (Ricania speculum) - DSC_6565

Singapore: Ricania speculum (Walker, 1851)

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_1792

Singapore: Ricaniidae 1792

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_9624

East Malaysia: Ricaniidae 9624

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_5326

East Malaysia: Ricaniidae 5326

Moth-like planthopper (Ricanoptera fenestrata) - DSC_9121

West Malaysia: Ricanoptera fenestrata (Fabricius, 1803)

Moth-Like Planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_3318

Singapore: Ricaniidae 3318

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - P7110207

Singapore: Pochazia sp. P7110207

Moth-Like Planthopper (cf. Pochazia sp.) - DSC_2219

Singapore: Pochazia sp. 2219

Moth-like planthopper (Pochazia sinuata) - P3216181

Singapore: Pochazia sinuata Stål, 1865

Moth-like planthopper (Ricaniidae) - DSC_7080

Madagascar: Ricaniidae 7080

Ricaniidae Nymphs

Moth-like planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8313

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8313

Moth-like planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8308

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8308

Moth-like planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8319

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8319

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8301

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8301

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_0174

Singapore: Ricaniidae 0174

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_0180

Singapore: Ricaniidae 0180

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_7488

Singapore: Ricaniidae 7488

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_7493

Singapore: Ricaniidae 7493

Moth-like planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8781

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8781

Moth-like planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_8793

Singapore: Ricaniidae 8793

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_7453

Singapore: Ricaniidae 7453

Planthopper nymph (Ricaniidae) - DSC_7457

Singapore: Ricaniidae 7457

Family: Tettigometridae Germar, 1821

Planthopper (Egropa sp.) - P3060133

Singapore: Egropa sp.

Tettigometridae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (Egropa sp.) - P3060145

Singapore: Tettigometridae 9215

Family: Tropiduchidae Stål, 1866

Tropiduchidae is identified by the groove or fine line separating the apex of the mesonotum from the rest of the disk. Some are similar to Dictyopharidae in being green, depressed, and with a triangular shape, but may be separated from them by the spines of the hind tarsomeres and the wing venation. In Dictyopharidae, the branching of longitudinal veins and crossveins gradually increase toward the apex while in Tropiduchidae, the nodal line sets off the apex of the wing where crossveins are found.

Planthoppers (cf. Kallitaxila granulata) - DSC_4235

Singapore: cf. Kallitaxila granulata (Stål, 1870)

Planthopper (Paricana sp.) - DSC_9761

West Malaysia: Paricana sp.

Net-winged planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_6285

West Malaysia: cf. Paricana sp.

Net-winged planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_6288

West Malaysia: cf. Paricana sp.

Planthopper (Paricana dilatipennis) - P8288316

West Malaysia: Paricana dilatipennis Walker, 1857

Planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_0422

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 0422

Planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_9335

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 9335

Planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_9477

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 9335

Planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_0068

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 0068

Planthopper (Togoda sp.) - DSC_5820

Mozambique: Togoda sp. 5820

Planthopper (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_4559

East Malaysia: Tropiduchidae 4559

Tropiduchidae Nymphs

Planthopper nymph (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_9215

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 9215

Planthopper nymph (Tropiduchidae) - DSC_9220

Singapore: Tropiduchidae 9220

Planthopper nymph (Kallitaxila cf. granulata) - DSC_8608

Singapore: Kallitaxila cf. granulata (Stål, 1870)

Planthopper nymph (cf. Tropiduchidae) - DSC_3162

West Malaysia: cf. Tropiduchidae 3162




Hi my name is Nicky Bay. I am a macro photographer, instructor and book author, travelling the world to document the vast micro biodiversity that nature has to offer. Follow my updates and discover with me the incredible beauty and science behind our planet's micro creatures!

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