Checklist

Fulgoridae Checklist: Lantern Bugs

on
26 March 2020

Lantern bugs or lanternflies are some of the most colourful and enigmatic subjects in the realm of macro photography. They belong to the Fulgoridae family, with the most distinct ones in Southeast Asia belonging to the genus Pyrops. Despite the common name, it is a myth that lantern bugs emit light. The myth was further propagated by Carl Linnaeus when he coined specific names such as laternaria, phosphorea and candelaria.

Most species in this page were identified with the kind assistance of Jerome Constant and Geert Goemans on Facebook. Thank you!

Lantern bug (Pyrops whiteheadi) - DSC_7853

East Malaysia: Pyrops whiteheadi (Distant, 1889)

All photos are of live subjects shot in the field, with the dorsal view selected where available. Click on individual photos for larger views and views from other angles. As specimens were not collected, identifications were done purely based on photographs and may not be 100% accurate.

This page will be updated regularly, please let me know if you spot any mistakes.

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Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758

Order: Hemiptera Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Fulgoridae Latreille, 1807

Subfamily: Aphaeninae Blanchard, 1847

Tribe: Aphaenini Blanchard, 1847

Genus: Penthicodes Blanchard, 1845

Fulgorid planthopper (Penthicodes sp.) - DSC_6138

Singapore: Penthicodes bimaculata (Schmidt, 1905)

Planthopper (Penthicodes sp.) - DSC_3540

East Malaysia: Penthicodes quadrimaculata Lallemand, 1963

Tribe: Enchophorini Haupt, 1929

Genus: Enchophora Spinola, 1839

Fulgorid planthopper (Enchophora nigromaculata) - DSC_2730

Peru: Enchophora nigromaculata Lallemand, 1938

Genus: Enhydria Walker, 1858

Planthopper (Enhydria sp.) - DSC_4107

Peru: Enhydria sp.

Subfamily: Dichopterinae Melichar, 1912

Tribe: Dichopterini Melichar, 1912

Genus: Dichoptera Spinola, 1839

Net-winged planthopper (Dichoptera sp.) - DSC_9325

Singapore: Dichoptera sp.

Subfamily: Fulgorinae Latreille, 1807

Tribe: Fulgorini Latreille, 1807

Genus: Fulgora Linnaeus, 1767

Peanut lantern bug (Fulgora sp.) - DSC_7487

Belize: Fulgora sp.

Genus: Phrictus Spinola, 1839

Dragon-head lantern bug (Phrictus quinqueparitus) - DSC_9128

Belize: Phrictus quinqueparitus Distant, 1883

Tribe: Laternariini Distant, 1906

Genus: Pyrops Spinola, 1839

Lantern Bug (Pyrops candelaria) - DSC_3762

Thailand: Pyrops candelaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Lantern Bug (Pyrops intricatus) - DSC_9255

East Malaysia: Pyrops intricatus (Walker, 1857)

Lantern bug (Pyrops oculatus) - DSC_7950b

Singapore: Pyrops cf. oculatus (Westwood, 1838)
Specimen darker than typical P. oculatus, species uncertain.

Lantern Bug (Pyrops oculatus) - DSC_4546

West Malaysia: Pyrops oculatus (Westwood, 1838)

Lantern bug (Pyrops sidereus) - DSC_3088

East Malaysia: Pyrops sidereus (Distant, 1905)

Lantern Bug (Pyrops pyrorhynchus) - DSC_4558

West Malaysia: Pyrops pyrorhynchus (Donovan, 1800)

Lantern Bug (Pyrops pyrorhynchus) - DSC_4239

West Malaysia: Pyrops pyrorhynchus (Donovan, 1800)

Lantern Bug (Pyrops sultanus) - DSC_9245

East Malaysia: Pyrops sultanus (Adams & White, 1847)

Lantern bug (Pyrops sultanus) - DSC_5639

East Malaysia: Pyrops sultanus (Adams & White, 1847)

Lantern bug (Pyrops whiteheadi) - DSC_3952b

East Malaysia: Pyrops whiteheadi (Distant, 1889)

Genus: Saiva Distant, 1906

Lantern bug (Saiva transversolineata) - DSC_9429

East Malaysia: Saiva transversolineata Baker, 1925

Tribe: Zannini Metcalf, 1938

Genus: Zanna Kirkaldy, 1902

I don’t have any pictures of Zanna, although there are many sightings in Malaysia, and I had seen one in Peru. Keeping this here as I’m confident to see one soon!

Subfamily: Poiocerinae Haupt, 1929

Tribe: Poiocerini Haupt, 1929

Genus: Polydictya Guérin-Méneville, 1844

Fulgorid planthopper (Polydictya sp.) - DSC_5683

Singapore: Polydictya sp.

Nymphs

Fulgorid Planthopper? (Fulgoridae) - DSC_1788

Singapore: Unidentified

Planthopper nymph (Fulgoridae) - DSC_7424

Singapore: Unidentified

Planthopper (Fulgoromorpha) - DSC_6333

Thailand: Possibly Dictyopharidae instead?

Planthopper (Fulgoromorpha) - DSC_3589

Singapore: Possibly Dictyopharidae instead?

Planthopper (Fulgoridae ) - DSC_6871

Singapore: Unidentified

Planthopper (Fulgoromorpha) - DSC_4015

Singapore: Unidentified

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NICKY BAY
Singapore

Hi my name is Nicky Bay. I am a macro photographer, instructor and book author, travelling the world to document the vast micro biodiversity that nature has to offer. Follow my updates and discover with me the incredible beauty and science behind our planet's micro creatures!

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